Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine HCl) (8 mg)
Vitamin B6 promotes normal metabolism by supporting the normal production of proteins and the normal synthesis of ATP to supply fuel to the body, and it promotes the normal conversion of glycogen to glucose for energy in muscle tissue. Vitamin B6 is an essential co-factor for the production of energy and supports the body’s resistance to fatigue. Vitamin B6 plays a key role in the production of amino acids, the building blocks of protein, and is used in the creation of DNA. Vitamin B6 supports over 100 crucial chemical reactions in our bodies and helps form nearly all new cells. It also assists in the maintenance of healthy red and white blood cells, which keeps our bodies healthy. Vitamin B6 supports hemoglobin synthesis (hemoglobin is the protein portion of red blood cells which carries oxygen throughout the body).
Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin) (500 mcg)
Vitamin B-12 supports the beta-oxidation of odd-numbered fatty acids, and the oxidation of the carbon skeletons of the amino acids methionine, threonine and isoleucine into succinyl CoA, which then enter the Kreb’s cycle to form GTP and ATP for energy to fuel biochemical reactions, working to facilitate the production of amino acids and the processing of carbohydrates into energy. It is essential that vegetarians consume a vitamin B12 supplement to maintain optimal health. Vitamin B12 supports the maintenance of cells, especially those of the nervous system, bone marrow and intestinal tract. Vitamin B12 is important in homocysteine metabolism. Normal homocysteine levels are important for maintaining cardiovascular health. Deficiencies of the vitamins folic acid, pyridoxine (B6) or cobalamin (B12) can result in elevated levels of homocysteine. Folate and B12, in their active coenzyme form, are both necessary cofactors for the conversion of homocysteine to methionine, thus helping to maintain healthy low blood levels of homocysteine.
Niacin (Niacinamide) (30 mg)
Niacin is a water-soluble vitamin necessary for many aspects of health, growth and reproduction. Niacin supports the proper functioning of the digestive system, skin and nerves. It is also important for the conversion of food to energy and energy production. It plays a key role in converting fats, proteins, carbohydrates and starches into usable energy.
N-Acetyl-Tyrosine (800 mg)
Tyrosine is an essential amino acid that the body cannot produce on its own, so it must be obtained from external sources, such as diet or supplementation. L-tyrosine is found naturally in all kinds of proteins. Dietary sources are primarily from animal and vegetable proteins. Vegetables and juices contain small amounts of the free amino acid. The free amino acid is also found in fermented foods like yogurt and miso (a soy product). L-tyrosine helps the brain to maintain proper amounts of the catecholamines dopamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine. These are often lost due to stress on the body's adrenal system from a poor diet, an unhealthy lifestyle or other environmental factors. It also supports the normal transmission of nerve impulses to the brain.
Taurine (500 mg)
Taurine is an amino acid that is not incorporated into proteins and is found in high amounts in the brain, retina, myocardium, skeletal and smooth muscle, platelets and neutrophils. It is plentiful in the fluids of muscle, lungs and nerve tissue. Taurine is classified as an essential amino acid and supports fat absorption. It's important in the hydration of the body and promotes energy by promoting the cells’ nutrient uptake, as well as physical reaction time. Further, it promotes mental alertness and the ability to concentrate.
Glucuronolactone (400 mg)
Glucuronolactone is a substance found in the human body and is produced by the metabolization of glucose in the liver. It works to promote energy and has been reported to detoxify the body of impurities.
Caffeine (200 mg)
Caffeine stimulates the central nervous system, promoting energy and alertness. Caffeine's CNS stimulant effects are thought to support alertness and psychomotor performance. It supports the release of neurotransmitters such as dopamine. For athletic performance, caffeine has been shown to decrease perceived levels of exertion and support muscle metabolism, which enables the athlete to feel less tired and supports their performance. It also helps support the breakdown of sugars and fats in the body, promoting a mild thermogenic effect.