Acetyl L-Carnitine: 500 mg
Acetyl L-Carnitine (ALC) is able to travel through the blood-brain barrier where it supports the normal formation of the brain chemical acetylcholine; it promotes the efficient operation of cells by helping them stay clear of toxic fatty-acid metabolites; and it helps maintain normal brain physiology.*
Chemical messengers like neurotransmitters are vital to maintaining cognitive function yet often decline with age. Studies have shown that ALC promotes overall cognitive performance. ALC promotes normal cognitive function by helping to maintain brain energy production, phospholipid metabolism and acetyl coenzyme A levels. Acetyl coenzyme A is used by the body to re-synthesize acetylcholine.*
Alpha-lipoic acid: 100 mg
Deep within the tissue, alpha-lipoic acid is a coenzyme that, together with pyrophosphatase, promotes normal carbohydrate metabolism and production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Deep within the tissues of the brain, alpha-lipoic acid and the metabolite, dihydrolipoic acid (DHLA), have antioxidant components, which help to neutralize damaging free radicals.*
Alpha-lipoic acid is both water and fat-soluble and can regenerate endogenous antioxidants, such as vitamin E, vitamin C, and glutathione, and prevent oxidative stress. Alpha-lipoic acid is about 30 percent absorbed from dietary or supplemental sources, and is reduced to DHLA in many tissues.*
Ginkgo Biloba: 120 mg
The ginkgo tree has been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for over 4,000 years. Various parts of the ginkgo tree were reportedly used in the treatment of respiratory ailments, to improve circulation, as a digestive aid, as a tonic for memory loss in the elderly and as a longevity elixir. Extracts of this powerful antioxidant herb can improve brain function by increasing cerebral blood flow and the supply of oxygen to the brain, contributing to healthy brain function. It boosts the brain's energy metabolism of glucose and heightens electrical activity. The specific extract used in this product is a 50:1 ratio and is a superior standardized botanical specially formulated to support healthy blood circulation within the brain.