Isotonix™ Coenzyme Q10 Plus (KKLIU0389/2019)
Coenzyme Q10 belongs to a family of substances called ubiquinones, and is a water-insoluble, wax-like substance that is part of the respiratory chain. It is synthesized in the cells, and is involved in electron transport and energy production in mitochondria. In the cellular system, it functions to generate energy from oxygen, in the form of ATP, for bodily processes. CoQ10 also exhibits activity as a free radical scavenger and an antioxidant. The antioxidant activity in the mitochondria and cell membranes protects against peroxidation of lipid membranes.
Coenzyme Q10 can be found in spinach, broccoli, nuts, meats and fish. In the body, it is found in the highest concentration in the cells of the heart, liver, kidney and pancreas. Supplementation of CoQ10 might be beneficial mostly to adults, because the levels of it in the body tend to peak around the age of 20 and then decline with age. The effects of supplementation with CoQ10 have shown to be especially helpful in maintaining health.
Since vitamin E is one of the fat-soluble antioxidants in the body, it helps protect cell membranes from the damage caused by free radicals. High doses of vitamin E have been found to support a healthy body. Vegetable oils, margarine, nuts, seeds, avocados, wheat germ, and safflower oil are all good food sources of vitamin E.
Lipase is a fat-digesting enzyme that is used by the body to break down dietary fats into an absorbable form. It is a water-soluble enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ester bonds in water-insoluble, lipid substrates. Lipase, such as human pancreatic lipase, act to convert triglyceride substrates found in oils from food to monoglycerides and free fatty acids. Lipases are ubiquitous in living organisms. Some lipases also work within the interior spaces of living cells to degrade lipids.
Vitamin B2, also known as riboflavin, is a water soluble vitamin; it’s primary function is as a coenzyme for metabolic processes in the body. A key function of the vitamin is in the production of energy, where it acts as part of the electron transport chain that produces cellular energy.
Requirements for vitamin B2 are associated with calorie intake, because with an increase food intake your body also needs an increase of vitamin B2 to carry out the metabolic processes that will convert the food into usable energy. Nutritional inaccuracy is a common cause of vitamin B2 deficiency, which can occur in the elderly. Foods that are rich in the vitamin B2 are organ meats, eggs, milk, cheese, yogurt, leafy green vegetables, and whole grains.
Potassium, in the body, is classified as an electrolyte and is involved in electrical and cellular functions. It aids in promoting health.
Potassium can be found in foods that help to maintain the body’s internal balance of fluids and chemicals. Some potassium-enriched foods are fruits, vegetables and legumes, which are all commonly recommended for optimal heart health.
Isotonix™ OPC-3™ Plus (KKLIU2804/2017)
Grape Seed Extract
Grape seed extract is typically extracted from the seeds of red grapes (instead of white), which have a high content of compounds known as oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPC). Grape seed extract is extremely rich in polyphenols.
Grape Skin Extract
The antioxidant properties of grape skin extract contribute to maintaining overall health.
Pine Bark Extract (Pycnogenol®)
Pycnogenol is a natural plant extract from the bark of the maritime pine tree, which grows exclusively along the coast of southwest France in Les Landes de Gascogne. This unspoiled and natural forest environment is the special source of pine bark. Pycnogenol is one of the most researched ingredients in the natural product marketplace and acts as an antioxidant.
Bilberry extract is derived from the leaves and berry-like fruit of a common European shrub closely related to the blueberry. Extracts of the ripe berry are known to contain flavonoid pigments known as anthocyanins.
Citrus Bioflavonoid Complex
Bioflavonoids are antioxidants found in certain plants. They have been found to maintain healthy body.
Isotonix™ Multivitamin and Minerals (KKLIU2654/2017)
Beta-Carotene (Vitamin A precursor)
Beta-carotene, also known as pro-vitamin A, can be converted into vitamin A when additional levels are required. Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin and is part of a family of compounds, including retinol, retinal and beta-carotene. All the body’s tissues need vitamin A for general growth and repair. Vitamin A helps to promote healthy bone growth and supports a healthy immune system.
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
Vitamin C is found in peppers (sweet, green, red, hot red and green chili), citrus fruits and Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, cabbage, kale, collards, mustard greens, broccoli, spinach, guava, kiwi fruit, currants and strawberries. Nuts and grains contain small amounts of vitamin C. It is important to note that cooking destroys vitamin C activity.
Vitamin C is integral in supporting a healthy immune system and providing some antioxidant defense. The body does not manufacture vitamin C on its own, nor does it store it. Therefore, vitamin C must be acquired through diet and supplementation.
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
Thiamin plays an important role in carbohydrate metabolism.
Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5)
Pantothenic acid (B5) is the transfer agent for choline to acetylcholine, which promotes proper neurotransmitter activity in the brain.
Niacin (Vitamin B3)
Niacin is a water-soluble vitamin necessary for many aspects of health. It is also important for the conversion of food to energy. Niacin (also known as vitamin B3) is found in dairy products, poultry, fish, lean meats, nuts, eggs, legumes and enriched breads and cereals.
Vitamin B12 is naturally found in meats, liver, beef, eggs whole milk, cheese, whole wheat bread and fish. Vitamin B12 can only be found in animal products, with small amounts derived from fermented soy products, such as miso and tempeh, and peanuts. It is essential that vegetarians consume a vitamin B12 supplement to maintain optimal health. Vitamin B12 itself is responsible for maintaining optimum energy levels.
Folate (folic acid)
Folic acid is mainly found in fruits and vegetables. Dark, leafy greens, oranges, orange juice, beans and peas are the best sources, as well as Brewer’s yeast, which supplies additional B vitamins. Folic acid plays a key role by boosting the benefits of vitamin B12 supplementation. These two B vitamins join forces and work together in maintaining normal red blood cells.
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)
Vitamin B2 is found in liver, dairy products, dark green vegetables and some types of seafood. Vitamin B2 serves as a co-enzyme, working with other B vitamins. Vitamin B2 plays a crucial role in turning food into energy. Vitamin B2 aids in the breakdown of fats while functioning as a cofactor or helper in activating B6 and folic acid. Vitamin B2 is water-soluble and cannot be stored by the body except in insignificant amounts; thus, it must be replenished daily.
Poultry, fish, whole grains and bananas are the main dietary sources of vitamin B6. It also assists in the maintenance of healthy red blood cells. Vitamin B6 is required for hemoglobin synthesis. It is involved in the synthesis of neurotransmitters in the brain, and plays a role in cognitive development.
Regular sunlight exposure is the main way that most humans get their vitamin D. Food sources of vitamin D are vitamin D-fortified milk, cod liver oil and fatty fish, such as salmon. Small amounts are found in egg yolks and liver. Vitamin D promotes the absorption of calcium and phosphorus and supports the production of several proteins involved in calcium absorption and storage. Vitamin D works with calcium to promote healthy bones. It works to promote active transport of calcium out of the osteoblasts into the extra-cellular fluid and in the kidneys, promotes calcium and phosphate uptake by renal tubules. Vitamin D also promotes the normal absorption of dietary calcium and phosphate uptake by the intestinal epithelium.
The most valuable sources of dietary vitamin E include vegetable oils, margarine, nuts, seeds, avocados and wheat germ. Safflower oil contains large amounts of vitamin E and there are trace amounts in corn oil and soybean oil. Vitamin E is actually a family of related compounds called tocopherols and tocotrienols. Vitamin E is one of the fat-soluble antioxidants in the body. In turn, vitamin E helps protect cell membranes from free radical damage.
Calcium is found in milk, cheese, yogurt, corn tortillas, Chinese cabbage (Napa), kale and broccoli. Calcium is an essential mineral with a wide range of biological roles. Calcium comprises approximately 40 percent of the weight of bone. The skeleton has an obvious structural requisite for calcium, as well as acts as a storehouse for calcium. Apart from being a major constituent of bones and teeth, calcium promotes normal muscle contraction.
A sufficient daily calcium intake is necessary for maintaining bone density and maintaining healthy teeth and bones.
Chromium is a trace mineral found naturally in some cereals, meats, poultry, brewer’s yeast, broccoli, prunes, mushrooms, fish and beer.
The richest sources of dietary copper derive from organ meats, seafood, nuts, seeds, wheat bran cereal, whole grain products and cocoa products. Copper is an essential trace mineral. It is needed for bone strength and immune health.
Iodine is found in most seafood and in iodized salt. It is a necessary component of thyroid hormones and helps regulate and maintain a properly functioning metabolism.
Foods rich in magnesium include unpolished grains, nuts and green vegetables. Green, leafy vegetables are potent sources of magnesium because of their chlorophyll content. Meats, starches and milk are less rich sources of magnesium. Refined and processed foods are generally quite low in magnesium.
Magnesium is a component of the mineralized part of bone and is necessary for the metabolism of potassium and calcium in adults. It is important for the mobilization and transportation of calcium for further utilization. It works together with calcium and vitamin D to help keep bones strong. Magnesium also plays a key role in the health and functioning of muscle tissue.
Manganese is a mineral found in large quantities in both plant and animal matter. The most valuable dietary sources of manganese include whole grains, nuts, leafy vegetables and teas. Manganese is concentrated in the bran of grains, which is often removed during processing.
It supports the normal formation of connective tissue and bones. It promotes calcium absorption.
Foods rich in potassium include fresh vegetables and fruits, such as bananas, oranges, cantaloupe, avocado, raw spinach, cabbage and celery. Potassium is an essential mineral that helps to keep fluid balance. It also plays a role in a wide variety of biochemical and physiological processes. Potassium promotes normal muscle relaxation.
The best dietary sources of selenium include nuts, unrefined grains, brown rice, wheat germ and seafood. In the body, selenium functions as part of an antioxidant enzyme called glutathione peroxidase, which plays a direct role in the body’s ability to protect cells from damage by free radicals.
Zinc is largely found in fortified cereals, red meats, eggs, poultry and certain seafood, including oysters. It is a component of multiple enzymes and proteins. Zinc is an essential trace mineral that has functions in approximately 300 different enzyme reactions.
Biotin can be found in food sources, such as egg yolks, peanuts, beef liver, milk (10 mcg/cup), cereals, almonds and Brewer’s yeast. Biotin assists in various metabolic chemical conversions.
H&H™ Essential Omega III Fish Oil With Vitamin E (KKLIU2696/2017)
Fish Body Oils
Fish oils or marine oils, are lipids (fats) found in fish, particularly cold water fish like herring, kipper, mackerel, menhaden, pilchard, salmon, sardine and trout, and phytoplankton. The sources of fish oil in H&H Omega III Fish Oil with Vitamin E are anchovies, tested by the manufacturer and an independant testing company to be virtually free of mercury lead, PCB and other heavy metals. Fish oils are rich sources of the omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexanenoic acid). DHA is a necessary component of the phospholipids in human cellular membranes, especially those found in the brain and retina.
The most valuable sources of dietary vitamin E include vegetable oils, margarine, nuts, seeds, avocados and wheat germ. Safflower oil contains large amounts of vitamin E and there are trace amounts in corn oil and soybean oil. Vitamin E is actually a family of related compounds called tocopherols and tocotrienols.
The main health benefit of supplemental vitamin E comes from its antioxidant activity. Vitamin E is one of the most powerful fat-soluble antioxidants in the body and protects cell membranes from free radicals. Vitamin E is commonly added to fish oil supplements to provide antioxidant protection of DHA and EPA.
Choice™ Astaxanthin 6mg (KKLIU2398/2017)
Astaxanthin is a carotenoid that gives the reddish pigment to salmon, crab, krill and lobster. It also exists in red algae. It is known for its antioxidant effects. Astaxanthin’s structure allows it to provide antioxidant protection in all cell layers, whereas other antioxidants are more limited. Astaxanthin helps to promote overall health.