BETA-CAROTENE (VITAMIN A PRECURSOR)
Grape seed extract is typically extracted from the seeds of red grapes (instead of white), which have a high content of compounds known as oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPCs). Grape seed extract is rich in polyphenols.
Vitamin C is found in peppers (sweet, green, red, hot red and green chili), citrus fruits, brussel sprouts, cauliflower, cabbage, kale, collards, mustard greens, broccoli, spinach, guava, kiwi fruit, currants and strawberries. Nuts and grains contain small amounts of vitamin C. It is important to note that cooking destroys vitamin C activity. Vitamin C provides antioxidant benefits to the body. The body does not manufacture vitamin C on its own, nor does it store it. Therefore, vitamin C must be acquired through diet and supplementation.
The most valuable sources of dietary vitamin E include vegetable oils, margarine, nuts, seeds, avocados and wheat germ. Safflower oil contains large amounts of vitamin E and there are trace amounts in corn oil and soybean oil. Vitamin E is actually a family of related compounds called tocopherols and tocotrienols. The main health benefit of supplemental vitamin E comes from its antioxidant activity. Vitamin E is one of the most powerful fat-soluble antioxidants in the body. In turn, vitamin E protects cell membranes from free radical damage.
LUTEIN AND ZEAXANTHIN
Lutein and zeaxanthin are carotenoids found together in many fresh fruits and vegetables. Within the eye, they are found as pigments in the macula and retina. Lutein and zeaxanthin act as antioxidants to protect the eye from free radical damage. They help to build macular pigment density, a critical factor in the health of the macula and retina. They also act as filters of blue-light to protect the retina from light damage. Blue-light wave lengths can generate free radical damage.
Bilberry extract is derived from the leaves and berry-like fruit of a common European shrub closely related to the blueberry. They act as antioxidants.
Chromium is found naturally in some cereals, meats, poultry, brewer’s yeast, broccoli, prunes, mushrooms, fish and beer. Chromium is an essential trace mineral that plays an important role in our body.
The richest sources of dietary copper derive from organ meats, seafood, nuts, seeds, wheat bran cereal, whole grain products and cocoa products. Copper may have some antioxidant properties and acts as a component of enzymes in iron metabolism. It is an essential trace mineral.
Zinc is largely found in fortified cereals, red meats, eggs, poultry and certain seafood, including oysters. It is a component of multiple enzymes and proteins. Zinc is an essential trace mineral that has functions in approximately 300 different enzyme reactions. Thus, zinc plays a part in almost all biochemical pathways and physiological processes.
Fruits and vegetables, such as tomatoes, pink grapefruit and watermelon receive their red pigmentation from a carotene called lycopene. Lycopene is one of the carotenes and a member of the carotenoid family. Lycopene offers a wide range of benefits in helping maintain healthy body and is an antioxidant.
Quercetin is a bioflavonoid that is an excellent antioxidant.
Taurine is a building block for all the other amino acids. Taurine has antioxidant and membrane-stabilizing activities.